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Chaim Soutine (18931943) 20032004, oil/canvas, 31×40 cm 

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Chaim Soutine (18931943)  Curie Point of Steady Current  ELECTROSTATICS OF CONDUCTORS  The electrostatic field of conductors.  The energy of the electrostatic field of conductors.  Methods of solving problems in electrostatics.  A conducting ellipsoid.  The forces on a conductor.  ELECTROSTATICS OF DIELECTRICS  The electric field in dielectrics.  The permittivity.  A dielectric ellipsoid.  The permittivity of a mixture.  Thermodynamic relations for dielectrics in an electric field.  The total free energy of a dielectric.  Electrostriction of isotropic dielectrics.  Dielectric properties of crystals.  The sign of the dielectric susceptibility.  Electric forces in a fluid dielectric.  Electric forces in solids.  Piezoelectrics.  Thermodynamic inequalities.  Ferroelectrics.  Improper ferroelectrics.  STEADY CURRENT  The current density and the conductivity.  The Hall Effect.  The contact potential.  The galvanic cell.  Electro capillarity.  Thermoelectric phenomena.  Thermogalvanomagnetic phenomena.  Diffusion phenomena.  STATIC MAGNETIC FIELD  Static magnetic field.  The magnetic field of a steady current.  Thermodynamic relations in a magnetic field.  The total free energy of a magnetic substance.  The energy of a system of currents.  The selfinductance of linear conductors.  Forces in a magnetic field.  Gyro magnetic phenomena.  FERROMAGNETISM AND ANTIFERROMAGNETISM  Magnetic symmetry of crystals.  Magnetic classes and space groups.  Ferro magnets near the Curie point.  The magnetic anisotropy energy.  The magnetization curve of Ferro magnets.  Magnetostriction of Ferro magnets.  Surface tension of a domain wall.  The domain structure of Ferro magnets.  Singledomain particles.  Orientational transitions.  Fluctuations in Ferro magnets.  Antiferromagnets near the Curie point.  The bicritical point for an antiferromagnet.  Weak ferromagnetism.  Piezomagnetism and the magnetoelectric effect.  Helicoidal magnetic structures.  SUPERCONDUCTIVITY  The magnetic properties of superconductors.  The superconductivity current.  The critical field.  The intermediate state.  Structure of the intermediate state.  QUASISTATIC ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD  Equations of the quasistatic field.  Depth of penetration of a magnetic field into a conductor.  The skin effect.  The complex resistance.  Capacitance in a quasi steady current circuit.  Motion of a conductor in a magnetic field.  Excitation of currents by acceleration.  MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS  The equations of motion for a fluid in a magnetic field.  Dissipative processes in magnetohydrodynamics.  Magnetohydrodynamic flow between parallel planes.  Equilibrium configurations.  Hydromagnetic waves.  Conditions at discontinuities.  Tangential and rotational discontinuities.  Shock waves.  Evolutionary shock waves.  The turbulent dynamo.  THE ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE EQUATIONS  The field equations in a dielectric in the absence of dispersion.  The electrodynamics of moving dielectrics.  The dispersion of the permittivity.  The permittivity at very high frequencies.  The dispersion of the magnetic permeability.  The field energy in dispersive media.  The stress tensor in dispersive media.  The analytical properties of å(ù).  A plane monochromatic wave.  Transparent media.  THE PROPAGATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES  Geometrical optics.  Reflection and refraction of electromagnetic waves.  The surface impedance of metals.  The propagation of waves in an inhomogeneous medium.  The reciprocity principle.  Electromagnetic oscillations in hollow resonators.  The propagation of electromagnetic waves in waveguides.  The scattering of electromagnetic waves by small particles.  The absorption of electromagnetic waves by small particles.  Diffraction by a wedge.  Diffraction by a plane screen.  ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES IN ANISOTROPIC MEDIA  The permittivity of crystals.  A plane wave in an anisotropic medium.  Optical properties of uniaxial crystals.  Biaxial crystals.  Double refraction in an electric field.  Magneticoptical effects.  Mechanicaloptical effects.  SPATIAL DISPERSION  Spatial dispersion.  Natural optical activity.  Spatial dispersion in optically inactive media.  Spatial dispersion near an absorption line.  NONLINEAR OPTICS  Frequency transformation in nonlinear media.  The nonlinear permittivity.  Selffocusing.  Secondharmonic generation.  Strong electromagnetic waves.  Stimulated Raman scattering.  THE PASSAGE OF FAST PARTICLES THROUGH MATTER  Ionization losses by fast particles in matter: the nonrelativistic case.  Ionization losses by fast particles in matter: the relativistic case.  Cherenkov radiation.  Transition radiation.  SCATTERING OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES  The general theory of scattering in isotropic media.  The principle of detailed balancing applied to scattering.  Scattering with small change of frequency.  Rayleigh scattering in gases and liquids.  Critical opalescence.  Scattering in liquid crystals.  Scattering in amorphous solids.  DIFFRACTION OF XRAYS IN CRYSTALS  The general theory of Xray diffraction.  The integral intensity.  Diffuse thermal scattering of Xrays.  The temperature dependence of the diffraction crosssection. Chaim Soutine (18931943)  Curie Point of Steady Current 





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